SIGNS OF THE JUDGEMENT DAY / DOOMSDAY
About when the doomsday comes, so there is no one know, Angel, Prophet, also Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam, this problem is a mysterious case and only Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala only who knows it. That is mentioned in verses Al-Qur-an and Prophet Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam’s hadithes that shahih.
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala decree:
يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ أَيَّانَ مُرْسَاهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِنْدَ رَبِّي لَا يُجَلِّيهَا لِوَقْتِهَا إِلَّا هُوَ ثَقُلَتْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ لَا تَأْتِيكُمْ إِلَّا بَغْتَةً يَسْأَلُونَكَ كَأَنَّكَ حَفِيٌّ عَنْهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the Hour (of Judgemen day): when is its arrival? Say, “Its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him. It lays heavily upon the heavens and the earth. It will not come upon you except unexpectedly.” They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, “Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know.” [Al-A’raaf : 187]
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala also decree:
يَسْأَلُكَ النَّاسُ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّ السَّاعَةَ تَكُونُ قَرِيبًا
People ask you concerning the Hour (of Judgement day). Say,” Knowledge of it is only with Allah. And what may make you perceive? Perhaps the Hour is near.” [Al-Ahzaab : 63]
Also when Jibril Alaihissalam to come Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam then ask:
… فَأَخْبِرْنِيْ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ؟
He (the enquirer) again said: Inform me about the hour (of the Doom). He (the Holy Prophet) remarked:
مَا الْمَسْئُوْلُ عَنْهَا بِأَعْلَمَ مِنَ السَّائِلِ .
“One who is asked knows no more than the one who is inquiring (about it).” [Muslim n.1]
Although when the time of doomsday there is no one who know it, will but Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala tell it to Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam about the Judgement day signs. Then Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam submit it to his follower about the Judgement day signs. The scholars devide it become two: (first) small signs and (second) big signs.
Small signs are so many and already happen since formerly and will continue, those are pass away of Prophet Muhammad Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, appear many slander, slander from east direction (Iraq), emerge of Khawarij, appear of people claim as Prophet, disappear of mandate, knowledge was taken up and rampage of stupidity, many adulteries, many peoples who play music*, many peoples who drink khamr (drunk) and spread of gambling, mosques be decorated, many high buildings, slave born her mister, many killings, many polytheism, many peoples who break off silaturrahim/good realtionship, a lot of stingy people, pass away of the scholars and shalih persons, many peoples study to Ahlul Bid’ah, many womans wearing clothes but she naked **, markets are near one to another, etcetera. [to know for more, check Asyraathus Saa’ah, by Dr. Yusuf bin ‘Abdillah al-Wabil]
*Music is prohibited in Islam, as the prohibited of khamr, adultery, gambling, etcetera
** open genitals/part of the body which may not be visible is included a big sin
There are a lot of argumentation about the Judgement day signs, one of it is Narrated Auf bin Malik Radhiallahu ‘Anh, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:
اُعْدُدْ سِتًّا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ السَّاعَةِ: مَوْتِيْ، ثُمَّ فَتْحُ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ، ثُمَّ مُوْتَانٌ يَأْخُذُ فِيْكُمْ كَقُعَاصِ الْغَنَمِ، ثُمَّ اسْتِفَاضَةُ الْمَالِ حَتَّى يُعْطَى الرَّجُلُ مِائَةَ دِيْنَارٍ فَيَظَلُّ سَاخِطًا، ثُمَّ فِتْنَةٌ لاَ يَبْقَى بَيْتٌ مِنَ الْعَرَبِ إِلاَّ دَخَلَتْهُ، ثُمَّ هُدْنَةٌ تَكُوْنُ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَ بَنِي اْلأَصْفَرِ، فَيَغْدِرُوْنَ فَيَأْتُوْنَكُمْ تَحْتَ ثَمَانِيْنَ غَايَةً، تَحْتَ كُلِّ غَايَةٍ اِثْنَا عَشَرَ أَلْفً ا .
Count six signs that indicate the approach of the Hour (of Juedgement day): my death, the conquest of Jerusalem, a plague that will afflict you (and kill you in great numbers) as the plague that afflicts sheep, the increase of wealth to such an extent that even if one is given one hundred Dinars, he will not be satisfied; then an affliction which no Arab house will escape, and then a truce between you and Bani Al-Asfar (i.e. the Byzantines) who will betray you and attack you under eighty flags. Under each flag will be twelve thousand soldiers. [Al Bukhari n.3005]
Narrated from Anas Radhiallahu ‘Anh, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said:
إِنَّ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِ السَّاعَةِ أَنْ يُرْفَعَ الْعِلْمُ، وَيَثْبُتَ الْجَهْلُ، وَيُشْرَبَ الْخَمْرُ، وَيَظْهَرَ الزِّنَ ا .
From among the portents of the Hour (of Judgement day) are (the following): Religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of Religious learned men), (Religious) ignorance will prevail, Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (will be very common), There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse. [Bukhari n.80]
Then appear the second signs, the big signs big as signs that doomsday is near. Some people (group) refuse about big signs based on their mind and feeling. Whereas the Ahlus Sunnah scholars already discuss this problems in their books of tafseer, hadith, and faith.
This problems are discussed by Ahlus Sunnah’s scholars in their books, like in Syarh ‘Aqiidah ath-Thahaawiyyah and the other books.
Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah have faith about big signs (kubra) of Judgement day like, emerge of Imam Mahdi, Dajjal, Prophet ‘Isa Alaihissalam descend from sky, Ya’juj and Ma’juj, the sun rises from west, etcetera.
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala decree:
هَلْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَّا أَنْ تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَوْ يَأْتِيَ رَبُّكَ أَوْ يَأْتِيَ بَعْضُ آَيَاتِ رَبِّكَ يَوْمَ يَأْتِي بَعْضُ آَيَاتِ رَبِّكَ لَا يَنْفَعُ نَفْسًا إِيمَانُهَا لَمْ تَكُنْ آَمَنَتْ مِنْ قَبْلُ أَوْ كَسَبَتْ فِي إِيمَانِهَا خَيْرًا قُلِ انْتَظِرُوا إِنَّا مُنْتَظِرُونَ
Do they [then] wait for anything except that the angels should come to them or your Lord should come or that there come some of the signs of your Lord? The Day that some of the signs of your Lord will come no soul will benefit from its faith as long as it had not believed before or had earned through its faith some good. Say, “Wait. Indeed, we [also] are waiting.” [Al-An’aam : 158]
Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:
إِنَّ السَّاعَةَ لاَ تَكُوْنُ حَتَّى تَكُوْنَ عَشْرُ آيَاتٍ: خَسْفٌ بِالْمَشْرِقِ، وَخَسْفٌ بِالْمَغْرِبِ، وَخَسْفٌ فِي جَزِيْرَةِ الْعَرَبِ، وَالدُّخَانُ، وَالدَّجَّالُ، ودَابَّةٌ الأرض، وَيَأْجُوْجُ وَمَأْجُوْجُ، وَطُلُوْعُ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا، وَنَارٌ تَخْرُجُ مِنْ قَعْرِة عَدَنٍ تَرْحَلُ النَّاسَ… وَنُزُوْلُ عِيْسَى بْنِ مَرْيَمَ
Hudhaifa bin Usaid reported: Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam was in an apartment and we were beneath that that he peeped in and said to us: What are you discussing about? We said: (We are discussing about the Last) Hour (of Judgement day). Thereupon he said: The Last Hour would not come until the ten signs dppear: land-sliding in the east, and land-sliding in the west, and land-sliding in the peninsula of Arabia, the smoke, the Dajjal, the beast of the earth, Gog and Magog, the rising of the sun from the west and the fire which would emit from the lower part of ‘Adan … the descent of ‘Isa bin Maryam ‘Alaihissalam [Moslem n. 2901 The Book Pertaining to the Turmoil and Portents of the Last Hour (Kitab Al-Fitan wa Ashrat As-Sa`ah)]