Although Ramadan is still more than a month away , but hopefully will not be wrong if we prepare ourselves to deal with the science surrounding Ramadan , so that when God wants us to meet with the next Ramadan will be better than the last Ramadan .
HOW TO SET beginning of Ramadan
The beginning of the month of Ramadan is set to see the new moon ( moon ) , but if blocked / not visible , then the month Sha’ban perfect number to thirty days .
Ibn Umar Radliyallaahu ‘ anhu said: I heard the Messenger Shallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said : ” If you all saw ( months ) fasting, and if you all saw ( months ) Break your fast , and if you then estimate the cloud cover . ” Muttafaq Alaihi . According to the report narrated by Muslim : ” If you then estimate the cloud cover thirty days . ” According narrated by Bukhari : ” Then complete the calculation becomes thirty days . ” ( See Bulughul Maram , chapter Shiyam 671 )
According to the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah from the history : ” Then complete the month of Sha’ban 30 days count . ” ( See Bulughul Maram , chapter Shiyam 672 )
Muslims should count the month of Sha’ban in preparation for entering Ramadan . Because the moon is sometimes twenty- nine days and sometimes of thirty days , then fasted ( it starts ) when I saw the new moon bulanRamdhan .
If obstructed cloud should be complete thirty days of Sha’ban month . Because God created the heavens and the earth and the heavens – specific places so that people know the number of years and the reckoning . Satubulan not be more than thirty days .
See the new moon for the Eid al -Fitr teranggap if there are two witnesses are fair , based Rasululah sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said: ” Fast when you see the new moon because , Break your fast because you see it , you have seen the new moon take hajj , if you cloudy , then complete the ( numbers month Sha’ban be ) thirty days , if there are two witnesses you fasted and eat ” . ( Narrated by An – Nasa’i , Ahmad , Ad – Daruquthni . Lafadz above is the riwayatAn – Nasa’i , Ahmad adds : ” Two Muslims ” .
From Ibn UmarRadhiallahu ‘ anhuma , he said : ” People looking for the new moon , then I khabarkan to sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa Sallam that I see it , then the Prophet was sent manusiaberpuasa ” . ( Narrated by Abu Dawood , Ad – Darimi , Ibn Hibban , Al – Hakim , al – Bayhaqi )
Look ! ! ! Ibn ‘ Umar radhiallahu ‘ Anh as a public report to the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam as the Government , then he as the government announced the time of Ramadan , in other words as a society , we are fasting together with the time set by the government .
Anyone who saw the moon alone or a group of people are not allowed to fast before nor break their fast before people breaking ( Eid al Fitr ) , which is of course only occur when the authorities have announced the start of Ramadan and Shawwal .
From Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said :
” Fasting is in the day ye fast , breaking the fast ( Eid al Fitr ) is in you all day breaking , and the sacrifice ( Eid al Adha ) is the sacrificial animal slaughter you all ” . ( Narrated by Tirmidhi )
Fasting is to refrain from eating , drinking and sexual intercourse from dawn until sunset second . The Word of God Almighty :
” ……. And eat and drink until the white thread from the black thread of fajar.Kemudian complete the fasting until the ( coming ) night … ” ( Al – Baqarah : 187 ) ,
PEOPLE MUST Ramadan fasting
Fasting Ramadan is obligatory upon every Muslim who baligh ( adult ) , Aqeel ( intelligent ) , and is able to fast .
TERMS obligatory Ramadan fasting
As for the terms of the necessity of fasting Ramadan there are four , namely Islam , intelligent , mature and capable .
CHILDREN WHEN ORDERED FAST ?
The scholars said the little boy was told to fast if strong , it is to practice it, as told to pray at the age of 7 years and beaten at age 10 and trained in order to get used to .
The virtue of the month of Ramadan
From Abu Hurayrah : Is the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam gave khabar excited to its companions with said , “It has come to you Ramadan , a blessed month . Unto God requires fasting therein ; This month the doors of Heaven are opened, the door gates of Hell are closed and the demons bound ; are also present in this month Malm better than a thousand months , whoever does not obtain goodness he did not get nothin ‘ . ” ( Narrated by Ahmad and An – Nasa’i )
The virtue of fasting
Narrated in Saheeh Al – Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurayrah ‘ anhu , that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said :
” Every charity is done for her child is adam , and a tit for even tenfold to seven hundred times . Allah Ta’ala says , ‘ Except for fasting , it is for Me and I immediately Memba [ asnya . Lust he had left , eating and drinking for me . ‘ People who are fasting get two pleasures , the pleasure when breaking the fast and pleasure when met with Tuhannya.Sungguh , the smell of the mouth of the fasting is more fragrant than the scent of musk . ”
THAT MAY BE MADE BY PERSON Fasting
An obedient servant and understand the Qur’an and Sunnah would not doubt that God desires ease for His servants and do not want trouble . Allah and His Messenger have allowed some things for people who are fasting , and do not consider it an error if you practice it . This is the action – pebuatan along with their arguments .
[ 1 ] . Entering Time In Case junub Dawn
Among the acts sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam is entered in a state junub dawn because Jima’ with his wife , then he showers after dawn prayers .
From Aisha and Umm Salamah radi ‘ anhuma .
” Indeed the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam entered the dawn of time in a state junub because Jima’ with his wife , then he showered and fasting ” [ HR . Bukhari and Muslim ]
[ 2 ] . cleansing his teeth
Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said .
“I wish not to burden my people , surely I told them to cleansing his teeth every time wudlu ” [ HR.Bukhari , Muslim , etc. ]
Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam cleansing his teeth are not for people who are fasting or the other , it is postulated that cleansing his teeth, it is for the person who fasts and other than when wudlu and prayers . [ This opinion may Allaah have mercy Bukhari , Ibn Khuzaimah as well and in addition to two. See Fathul Bari 4/158 , Saheeh Ibn Khuzaimah 3/247 , Syarhus Sunnah 6/298 ]
[ 3 ] . Gargling And Istinsyaq
Because he sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam rinse and beristinsyaq ( insert water into the nose ) the objec fasting , but prohibits excessive fasting person when beristinsyaq .
Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said .
” … Behold, the mean beristinsyaq except in the fasting state ” [ HR . Tirmidhi , Abu Dawud , Ahmad , Ibn Abi Syaibah , Ibn Majah , An – Nasaai ]
[ 4 ] . Chatting And Kissing Wife
Aisha radi ‘ anha had said .
” It is the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam never kiss in a state of fasting and chatting in the fasting state , but he is the person most able to help myself ” [ HR . Bukhari and Muslim ]
” We ‘ve been on the side of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam , came a young man and said , ” O Messenger of Allah , may I kiss in a state of fasting ? ” He replied , ” No ” . Coming also an old man and he said : ” Yes Prophet , may I kiss in a state of fasting ? ” . he replied : ” Yes ” to most of us looked at her friends , then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said : ” Verily the old man ( more able ) restrain himself ” .
[ Hadith Reported by Ahmad 2/185 , 221 on the road Ibn Lahee’ah of yazid ibn Abu Hubaib of Qaushar At- Tufibi him . Isnaad is weak because Ibn dhaifnya Lahee’ah , but got shaheed ( supporters ) in the history of Tabarani in Al – Kabir 11040 from Habib ibn Abi Thabit road from Mujahid from Ibn Abbas , Habib a mudallis and has ‘an – ‘ anah , with this martyr haditsnya be hasan , see Faqih AL – Mutafaqih 192-193 for him there are traditions of other streets ]
[ 5 ] . Blood and Injections issuing What Not Contain Food [ See Risalatani Mujizatani fizz Zakati washiyami p.23 Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz may Allaah have mercy ]
This does not include canceling fasting , the legal origin of all things is allowed to come up the arguments against it . If it is forbidden for the fasting person there must be arguments against it. “And your Lord does not forget ” . ( Surah Maryam : 64 )
[ 6 ] . berbekam
Formerly berbekam is one canceling the fast , but then removed and have no authentic hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam , that he berbekam when fasting . It is based on the history of Ibn ‘Abbaas anhuma .
” Indeed the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam berbekam , when he was fasting ” [ HR.Bukhari ]
[ 7 ] . tasting Food
It is bounded , ie as long as it was not until in the throat by a history of Ibn ‘Abbaas anhuma .
” Not why tasting vegetable or something else in the fasting state , while not up to the throat ” [ Hadith Bukhari History in mu’allaq 4/154-Fath , dimaushulkan Ibn Abi Syaibah 3/47 , Bayhaqi 4/261 of a two- way , hadith this Hasan . See Taghliqut Ta’liq 3/151-152 ]
[ 8 ] . Bercelak , Using Eye Drops And Others Who Enters Into Eyes
These objects do not break the fast , good taste is felt in the throat or not . This is corroborated by the Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in his treatise useful to Haqiqatus Shiyam title and his student Ibn al Qayim ie Zadul Ma’ad in his book , Imam Bukhari said in shahhihnya [ 4 ] : ” Anas bin Malik , Hasan Al -Basri and Ibrahim An – Nakha’I look , why not for the fast ” .
[ 9 ] . Water mengguyurkan Top Head And Shower
Bukhari stated in the book Shahihnya Chapter : The Fasting Person A hot bath , soaking his shirt Umar then he used when in a fasting state . As- sya’bi go the bathroom in a state of fasting . Al – Hasan said : ” It’s okay to rinse his mouth and put cold water in a state of fasting .”
Abu Bakr ibn Abdurrahman than most companions of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa Sallam he asked : Really I actually never saw the Messenger sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa Sallam in the ‘ Arj * he poured water over his head while he was fasting due to thirst or hunger due to temperature very hot ” . ( Narrated by Abu Dawud )
[ 10 ] . Drinking Water In The Looking Glass Held When the Adhan
The Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said ,
” If any one of you heard the call to prayer ( dawn / the true dawn ) when the glass in his hand , let him not put up to meet his business ( drinking water ) .” ( Narrated by Abu Dawood , Ibn Jarir , Al Hakim , Bayhaqi , and Ahmad )
Abu Umamah radhiallahu ‘ anhu :
” It has been echoed iqamah prayer , when it is in tanganUmar still no glasses , he said : ‘ May I take it yaRasululah ? ‘ The Prophet said : “O ‘ drink ‘ .
It is clear that stopping eating before Fajr Sadiq published under the pretext of caution is not in accordance with the Sunnah . On this Al – Haafiz Ibn Hajar said in al – Fath 4/199 : ” Including the unjust act of heresy ”
Maraji ‘ :
– The nature shaum Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam ( Shaikh Salim bin Eid Al – Shaikh Ali Hasan Hilaaly and Abdul Hamid )
– Al Wajiz , The Book of Ash Shiyam