Although Ramadan is still more than a month away , but hopefully will not be wrong if we prepare ourselves to deal with the science surrounding Ramadan , so that when God wants us to meet with the next Ramadan will be better than the last Ramadan .


HOW TO SET beginning of Ramadan

The beginning of the month of Ramadan is set to see the new moon ( moon ) , but if blocked / not visible , then the month Sha’ban perfect number to thirty days .

Ibn Umar Radliyallaahu ‘ anhu said: I heard the Messenger Shallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said : ” If you all saw ( months ) fasting, and if you all saw ( months ) Break your fast , and if you then estimate the cloud cover . ” Muttafaq Alaihi . According to the report narrated by Muslim : ” If you then estimate the cloud cover thirty days . ” According narrated by Bukhari : ” Then complete the calculation becomes thirty days . ” ( See Bulughul Maram , chapter Shiyam 671 )


According to the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah from the history : ” Then complete the month of Sha’ban 30 days count . ” ( See Bulughul Maram , chapter Shiyam 672 )


Muslims should count the month of Sha’ban in preparation for entering Ramadan . Because the moon is sometimes twenty- nine days and sometimes of thirty days , then fasted ( it starts ) when I saw the new moon bulanRamdhan .


If obstructed cloud should be complete thirty days of Sha’ban month . Because God created the heavens and the earth and the heavens –  specific places so that people know the number of years and the reckoning . Satubulan not be more than thirty days .


See the new moon for the Eid al -Fitr teranggap if there are two witnesses are fair , based Rasululah sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said: ” Fast when you see the new moon because , Break your fast because you see it , you have seen the new moon take hajj , if you cloudy , then complete the ( numbers month Sha’ban be ) thirty days , if there are two witnesses you fasted and eat ” . ( Narrated by An – Nasa’i , Ahmad , Ad – Daruquthni . Lafadz above is the riwayatAn – Nasa’i , Ahmad adds : ” Two Muslims ” .

From Ibn UmarRadhiallahu ‘ anhuma , he said : ” People looking for the new moon , then I khabarkan to sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa Sallam that I see it , then the Prophet was sent manusiaberpuasa ” . ( Narrated by Abu Dawood , Ad – Darimi , Ibn Hibban , Al – Hakim , al – Bayhaqi )


Look ! ! ! Ibn ‘ Umar radhiallahu ‘ Anh as a public report to the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam as the Government , then he as the government announced the time of Ramadan , in other words as a society , we are fasting together with the time set by the government .


Anyone who saw the moon alone or a group of people are not allowed to fast before nor break their fast before people breaking ( Eid al Fitr ) , which is of course only occur when the authorities have announced the start of Ramadan and Shawwal .


From Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said :

” Fasting is in the day ye fast , breaking the fast ( Eid al Fitr ) is in you all day breaking , and the sacrifice ( Eid al Adha ) is the sacrificial animal slaughter you all ” . ( Narrated by Tirmidhi )



Fasting is to refrain from eating , drinking and sexual intercourse from dawn until sunset second . The Word of God Almighty :

” ……. And eat and drink until the white thread from the black thread of fajar.Kemudian complete the fasting until the ( coming ) night … ” ( Al – Baqarah : 187 ) ,


PEOPLE MUST Ramadan fasting

Fasting Ramadan is obligatory upon every Muslim who baligh ( adult ) , Aqeel ( intelligent ) , and is able to fast .


TERMS obligatory Ramadan fasting

As for the terms of the necessity of fasting Ramadan there are four , namely Islam , intelligent , mature and capable .



The scholars said the little boy was told to fast if strong , it is to practice it, as told to pray at the age of 7 years and beaten at age 10 and trained in order to get used to .

The virtue of the month of Ramadan

From Abu Hurayrah : Is the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam gave khabar excited to its companions with said , “It has come to you Ramadan , a blessed month . Unto God requires fasting therein ; This month the doors of Heaven are opened, the door gates of Hell are closed and the demons bound ; are also present in this month Malm better than a thousand months , whoever does not obtain goodness he did not get nothin ‘ . ” ( Narrated by Ahmad and An – Nasa’i )


The virtue of fasting

Narrated in Saheeh Al – Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurayrah ‘ anhu , that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said :

” Every charity is done for her child is adam , and a tit for even tenfold to seven hundred times . Allah Ta’ala says , ‘ Except for fasting , it is for Me and I immediately Memba [ asnya . Lust he had left , eating and drinking for me . ‘ People who are fasting get two pleasures , the pleasure when breaking the fast and pleasure when met with Tuhannya.Sungguh , the smell of the mouth of the fasting is more fragrant than the scent of musk . ”



An obedient servant and understand the Qur’an and Sunnah would not doubt that God desires ease for His servants and do not want trouble . Allah and His Messenger have allowed some things for people who are fasting , and do not consider it an error if you practice it . This is the action – pebuatan along with their arguments .


[ 1 ] . Entering Time In Case junub Dawn

Among the acts sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam is entered in a state junub dawn because Jima’ with his wife , then he showers after dawn prayers .


From Aisha and Umm Salamah radi ‘ anhuma .

” Indeed the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam entered the dawn of time in a state junub because Jima’ with his wife , then he showered and fasting ” [ HR . Bukhari and Muslim ]



[ 2 ] . cleansing his teeth

Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said .

“I wish not to burden my people , surely I told them to cleansing his teeth every time wudlu ” [ HR.Bukhari , Muslim , etc. ]


Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam cleansing his teeth are not for people who are fasting or the other , it is postulated that cleansing his teeth, it is for the person who fasts and other than when wudlu and prayers . [ This opinion may Allaah have mercy Bukhari , Ibn Khuzaimah as well and in addition to two. See Fathul Bari 4/158 , Saheeh Ibn Khuzaimah 3/247 , Syarhus Sunnah 6/298 ]


[ 3 ] . Gargling And Istinsyaq

Because he sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam rinse and beristinsyaq ( insert water into the nose ) the objec fasting , but prohibits excessive fasting person when beristinsyaq .


Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said .

” … Behold, the mean beristinsyaq except in the fasting state ” [ HR . Tirmidhi , Abu Dawud , Ahmad , Ibn Abi Syaibah , Ibn Majah , An – Nasaai ]


[ 4 ] . Chatting And Kissing Wife

Aisha radi ‘ anha had said .

” It is the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam never kiss in a state of fasting and chatting in the fasting state , but he is the person most able to help myself ” [ HR . Bukhari and Muslim ]


” We ‘ve been on the side of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam , came a young man and said , ” O Messenger of Allah , may I kiss in a state of fasting ? ” He replied , ” No ” . Coming also an old man and he said : ” Yes Prophet , may I kiss in a state of fasting ? ” . he replied : ” Yes ” to most of us looked at her friends , then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said : ” Verily the old man ( more able ) restrain himself ” .

[ Hadith Reported by Ahmad 2/185 , 221 on the road Ibn Lahee’ah of yazid ibn Abu Hubaib of Qaushar At- Tufibi him . Isnaad is weak because Ibn dhaifnya Lahee’ah , but got shaheed ( supporters ) in the history of Tabarani in Al – Kabir 11040 from Habib ibn Abi Thabit road from Mujahid from Ibn Abbas , Habib a mudallis and has ‘an – ‘ anah , with this martyr haditsnya be hasan , see Faqih AL – Mutafaqih 192-193 for him there are traditions of other streets ]


[ 5 ] . Blood and Injections issuing What Not Contain Food [ See Risalatani Mujizatani fizz Zakati washiyami p.23 Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz may Allaah have mercy ]

This does not include canceling fasting , the legal origin of all things is allowed to come up the arguments against it . If it is forbidden for the fasting person there must be arguments against it. “And your Lord does not forget ” . ( Surah Maryam : 64 )


[ 6 ] . berbekam

Formerly berbekam is one canceling the fast , but then removed and have no authentic hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam , that he berbekam when fasting . It is based on the history of Ibn ‘Abbaas anhuma .

” Indeed the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam berbekam , when he was fasting ” [ HR.Bukhari ]


[ 7 ] . tasting Food

It is bounded , ie as long as it was not until in the throat by a history of Ibn ‘Abbaas anhuma .

” Not why tasting vegetable or something else in the fasting state , while not up to the throat ” [ Hadith Bukhari History in mu’allaq 4/154-Fath , dimaushulkan Ibn Abi Syaibah 3/47 , Bayhaqi 4/261 of a two- way , hadith this Hasan . See Taghliqut Ta’liq 3/151-152 ]


[ 8 ] . Bercelak , Using Eye Drops And Others Who Enters Into Eyes

These objects do not break the fast , good taste is felt in the throat or not . This is corroborated by the Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in his treatise useful to Haqiqatus Shiyam title and his student Ibn al Qayim ie Zadul Ma’ad in his book , Imam Bukhari said in shahhihnya [ 4 ] : ” Anas bin Malik , Hasan Al -Basri and Ibrahim An – Nakha’I look , why not for the fast ” .




[ 9 ] . Water mengguyurkan Top Head And Shower

Bukhari stated in the book Shahihnya Chapter : The Fasting Person A hot bath , soaking his shirt Umar then he used when in a fasting state . As- sya’bi go the bathroom in a state of fasting . Al – Hasan said : ” It’s okay to rinse his mouth and put cold water in a state of fasting .”


Abu Bakr ibn Abdurrahman than most companions of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa Sallam he asked : Really I actually never saw the Messenger sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa Sallam in the ‘ Arj * he poured water over his head while he was fasting due to thirst or hunger due to temperature very hot ” . ( Narrated by Abu Dawud )


[ 10 ] . Drinking Water In The Looking Glass Held When the Adhan

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said ,

” If any one of you heard the call to prayer ( dawn / the true dawn ) when the glass in his hand , let him not put up to meet his business ( drinking water ) .” ( Narrated by Abu Dawood , Ibn Jarir , Al Hakim , Bayhaqi , and Ahmad )


Abu Umamah radhiallahu ‘ anhu :

” It has been echoed iqamah prayer , when it is in tanganUmar still no glasses , he said : ‘ May I take it yaRasululah ? ‘ The Prophet said : “O ‘ drink ‘ .


It is clear that stopping eating before Fajr Sadiq published under the pretext of caution is not in accordance with the Sunnah . On this Al – Haafiz Ibn Hajar said in al – Fath 4/199 : ” Including the unjust act of heresy ”


Maraji ‘ :

– The nature shaum Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam ( Shaikh Salim bin Eid Al – Shaikh Ali Hasan Hilaaly and Abdul Hamid )

– Al Wajiz , The Book of Ash Shiyam


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